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Diamonds, Swine Fever and Figures on CO2

  • April 3rd, 2007
  • Posted by EUEditor

eu-flag-reduced3.pngEurope pays attention to problems beyond its own extensive borders.

DIAMONDS

International monitoring of the diamonds trade has been improved with the publication for the first time of figures on rough diamond production and statistical data on trade; available now through a website, https://nmsd1.mms.nrcan.gc.ca/kimberleystats/publicstats.asp

The European Commission is the current chair of the Kimberley Process Certification Scheme, set up in 2002 by governments, civic organisations and the diamond industry, to oppose the use of diamonds for funding civil wars in Africa.

Under the process, sustained by 71 countries, diamonds are certified where their history can be confirmed.

CLIMATE CHANGE

The European Commission has announced that details on carbon dioxide emissions, registered in connection with carbon trading, have been published from this date (2.4.07).

It says the transaction log registers 2006 emissions, almost 93% of those reported in 2005.

The set of figures needs confirmation and completion but represents concrete work on restraining greenhouse gas pollution; it is available online, on http://ec.europa.eu/environment/climat/emission/citl_en.htm

Under carbon trading, government authorities allocate pollution quotas to state instrumentalities and industries; those which reduce emissions may sell-on surplus entitlements, to industries wanting to use more – thereby setting up a system of incentives and costs for pollution.

The EU Energy Commissioner, Stavros Dimas, in the meantime has put a price tag on some aspects of the European program for drastically reducing carbon levels.

He said that the EC’s 7th Research Framework Program, over the coming six years, will promote work on more sustainable sources of energy, to cost EU 2.3-billion (A$ 3.77-billion, dcerates.com), and on integrated, “greener and smarter” trans-European transport systems, at EU4.8-billion (A$6.85-billion).

SWINE FEVER

Veterinary experts from the European Union have crossed the border into Croatia to help deal with outbreaks of Classic Swine Fever (CSF), setting back production.

The European Commission says there have been sixty outbreaks, some in areas close to the borders with two EU countries, Hungary and Slovenia – and they have noted that Croatia is a candidate state for EU membership.

Reference: Stavros Dimas, “Opening Speech: 8th Session of Working Group 2 of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Chance”, Brussels, 2.4.07; SPEECH/07/216

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